Cum Clauses Latin

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Cum Clauses

 

SUMMARY
CUM + Indicative = When (present, future) When/While (Perfect, Imperfect, Pluperfect)

CUM + Subjunctive = Since/Because,

Although (often includes tamen)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


CUM TEMPORAL CLAUSE ( ***= when)

 

 If the main verb is Primary (Present, Future, Future Perfect) and relates to present or future time,

*** takes the Indicative mood. This type of clause most often describes precise time.

 

Cum doceo vos, felix sum

 

When I am teaching you all, I am happy.

 

CUM CIRCUMSTANTIAL CLAUSE (***  = when, while)

 

If the main verb is Secondary (Imperfect, Perfect, Pluperfect), relates to past

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