Cum Clauses Latin

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Cum Clauses

 

SUMMARY
CUM + Indicative = When (present, future) When/While (Perfect, Imperfect, Pluperfect)

CUM + Subjunctive = Since/Because,

Although (often includes tamen)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


CUM TEMPORAL CLAUSE ( cum= when)

 

 If the main verb is Primary (Present, Future, Future Perfect) and relates to present or future time,

cum takes the Indicative mood. This type of clause most often describes precise time.

 

Cum doceo vos, felix sum

 

When I am teaching you all, I am happy.

 

CUM CIRCUMSTANTIAL CLAUSE (cum  = when, while)

 

If the main verb is Secondary (Imperfect, Perfect, Pluperfect), relates to past

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