Cultural Variations in Attachment


Cultural Variations in Attachment

Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg wanted to investigate if attachment styles (secure/insecure) are the same or different across cultures ie could it vary from place to place, due to traditions. The data collected was secondary and was collected through a method called meta analysis (data from 32 studies in 8 different countries was analyzed).

All the 32 studies used the strange situation procedure to study attachment. Using a meta analysis, they were able to calculate the average percentage for the different attachment types in each country.

Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg found that secure attachment was the majority of infants (70%). The lowest percentage of secure attachments was shown in China, and the higest in Great Britain. It was also found that Western countries that support independence such as Germany had high levels of insecure avoidant attachment.



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