CRUSADES PART B & C

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B) WHY DID URBAN LAUCH THE 1ST CRUSADE

  • respond to Byzantine embassy
  • further the cause of reform
  • promote lay deviotion
  • jusifty holy war
  • expand Rome's sphere of influence (exemplified when Urban toured France in 1096 to manifest papal authority)
  • bettter relations with Constantinople
  • purify the West - it offered the nobility a new path to redemption

expedition was made clear under the control of the church & Adehmar was elected papal legate

the idea of crusade was not just a reaction the Muslim occupation as this was apparent for decades; it was designed to meet the needs of…

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