Crime, race and ethnicity
Race- biological category: Ethnicity- cultural category (social, geographical)
European Enlightenment- other races and cultures seen as inferior. Dehumanization legitimised slavery.
Lombroso (1876)- "many of the characteristics found in savages and in the coloured races, are also to be found in habitual delinquents"
Racist ideas led to instiitutional practices in many parts of world- white supremacy, racial purification and systems to exclude the arrival or settlement on non-whites
Race hate- a crime the police will not solve
Stop and search: Vagrancy Act 1824- 'Loitering with Intent', suspicion
Scarman/McPhearson Report- Racial disadvantage a fact of british life.
- Black and Asian people more frequently stopped, more often repeatedly stopped and more oftern intrusive searches.