- Created by: lauren.glendenning
- Created on: 24-04-17 21:18
Durkheim's Functionalist Theory of Crime -
Functionalists see society as a stable system based on value consensus - shared norms, values, beliefs and goals. This produces social solidarity, binding individuals together into a harmonious unit. To achieve this, society has two key mechanisms:
- Socialisation - instils the shared culture into its members to ensure that they internalise the same norms and values, and that they feel it right to act in the ways society requires.
- Social Control - mechanisms include rewards for conformity, and punishments for deviance.
Crime is Inevitable and Universal:
While crime disrupts social stability, functionalists see it as inevitable and universal. Durkheim sees crime as a normal part of all healthy societies:
- In all societies, some individuals are inadequately socialised and prone to deviate.
- In modern societies, there is a highly specialised division of labour and a diversity of subcultures, individuals and groups become increasingly different from one another, and the shared rules of…