Crime and Deviance 3

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GLOBALISATION AND CRIME IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY; THE MEDIA AND CRIME; GREEN CRIME; HUMAN RIGHTS AND STATE CRIME 

The media and crime 

  • Crime is a mainstay in the media and is published widely in fiction and non-fiction. 
  • Greer and Reiner reviewed newspaper coverage on crime. Found an increase in coverage in recent decades and that the tabloid press devote a higher proportion of space to crime than more serious papers. Homocides were the most reported crimes, and street crimes were given more prominance than white collar crime. 
  • Nature of the victim was important in how much coverage crimes recieved- crimes against women or children, and celebs gained the most coverage 
  • Tim Newburn: coverage of crime in the media can be misleading, eg exaggerate the number of crimes cleared up by the police and that the risk of being a victim or that some crimes are more common than they actually are. 
  • Pluralists:
    • Western societies are run in the intrests of the population and are genuinely democratic. However a variety of groups want different things- which governments have to balance. 
    • The contents of the media reflect the intrests of the public- therefore the media provides fair, balanced and diverse content which caters to demand. 
    • Jewkes: due to social media and the internet this content has become more diverse, allowing for oppurtunities to challange the gov
    • The selection of news content is shaped by the idea of what will make a good story. 
  • Some reporting manufactures and socially constructs a picture of reality. 
  • Reiner:crime reporting highlights the negative, highlights victim culture (no sympathy to offender), and law and order solutions are portrayed as the only way to tackle crime. These trends reflect an increased emphasis on individualism in a consumer orientated capitalist society (individual crime recieves more coverage rather than collective aspects of social life ie the role of welfare in preventing crime). 
  • Tends to assume that most people conform to social order- but this is threatened by devient outsiders. This favours a conservative ideology. 
  • The hypodermic model: 
    • There is a direct correlation between the portrayal of violence and anti-social behaviour in films/ games and actual behaviour. 
    • Suggests children are vulnera ble to the media as they are in the early stages of their socialisation (need to be protected from the media which acts as an agent of secondary socialisation). 
    • Bandura: carried out a study with four groups of children who each watched a scene based on a bobo doll. These scenes varied from real life performances, to cartoon and film to one with no violence. When in a room with the doll it was observed that the first three groups acted aggressively towards the doll whereas the other did not. Concluding that intaking violent media could cause copycat violence.
      • Fesbach and Sanger: on screen violence can provide an outlet for violence. 
      • Young: on screen violence makes us aware of its concequences- so we are less likely to act aggressivly. 
  • The reception analysis model:
    • People interpret media content differently according…

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