Republicans gain support 1929 economic slump.
April 1931 national election forced by deteriorating gov (last democratic election was 60 yrs)
12th April 1931 landslide victory for republican
| support in large cities & urban areas & working classes
SSR proclaimed on 4th April 1931
| new regime called 'La Nina Bonita\
| 400 elected deputies had support for a Republican political structures
| under 50 classes as official opponents.
| had public enthusiasm > military respected the public verdict as they had grown disillusioned with monarchical rule and unwilling to defend previous regime.
(Stanley Payne ' "unique event... major step towards democracy in Europe during decade of economic & political crisis")
Monarch formally abolished
| king and his elites went into exile > prominent opposition to new regime
hereditary aristocracy established = firm opponent
26 parties in Constituent Cortes