Social cohesion - Society coming together as one. Merging together.
Durkhiem believes that social control is a positive thing because it creates social cohesion which brings society closer. He believes that it is achieved by various agencies of social control, by socialising individuals into socially agreed norms and values and also by intergrating individuals into social groups. Durkhiem does believe that there must be a balance between too much or too little control.
Pat Carlen (1988) believes that humans are not naturally wicked and prone to crime. Nor are they perfect snf prone to conformity. Humans rather make rational decisionas by weighing up the rewards and costs of that action. If benefits outweigh the cost then people are more likely to turn to crime.