Continuing Conflict in the Cold War

  • Created by: JasmineSP
  • Created on: 11-11-19 19:39

Churchill's Iron Curtain

What was it?

  • Churchill gave the speech in Fulton, Missouri, to an audience that included President Truman
  • March 1946
  • he stated that an iron curtain had descended across Europe
  • the curtain represented the divide created by the sphere of Soviet influence
  • he also stated that he didn't think Stalin wanted war, just desired the "fruits of war and the indefinite expansion of their powers"
  • it was broadcast to a radio audience, which meant many heard it- changed the contry's attitude towards the Soviet Union
  • before, they were portrayed positively- now they used propaganda negatively against the Soviets
  • the ancient European states were now under Soviet control- Churchill encourages the audience to sympathise
  • the Soviet borders were controlled by police- it was very tight control, making it very difficult to enter and leave

Soviet response

  • Churchill was villainised in Soviet media- he was compared to Hitler and portrayed as another dictator
  • the Soviets withdrew from the IMF
  • they increased the tone and intensity of anti-western propaganda

Truman Doctrine

Origins of the Truman Doctrine

  • Britain had announced that they can't afford to provide troops to protect Greece, which was in danger of turning Communist
  • it appealed to the US for finacial aid to help finance the campaign 
  • by 1947, Britain had almost spent all of the $3.75 billion loan from the US and bad weather had caused a halt in the industry- Britian could no longer afford to keep troops in Germany, Italy, Middle East and Asia
  • on February 1st 1947, Britain told the US that financial aid and troops to Greece would end on March 31st

The Doctrine

  • it was a speech by Truman given to a joint session of congress and was broadcast to a national radio audience in the US on 12th March 1947
  • he glorified democracy while antagonising Communism
  • he calls out the Soviet Union for having a conrolled press and media and fixed elections, stating that it rules by fear and oppression
  • he portrays democracy differently: individual freedom, freedom of speech and religion, and free elections

Aims and Impacts

  • Truman needed to present the Soviets as an enemy in order to justify his actions and…


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