Constitutional reform since 1997 - UK politics

  • Created by: S_webb
  • Created on: 14-01-19 12:57
  • Scottish devolution -- 74.3% in referendum. Given primary powers (can raiseo r lower tax 3p to the pound initially but never used), eg tuition fees abolished. Smith commission after independence referednum 2014, signfiicantly expanded these powers. But most fundng still comes from Westminster and the West Lothian question has not been resolved.
  • Welsh devolution -- far closer, 50.1%, until 2007 only secondary pwoers, rpoposals to give fracking, energy policy pwoers and election pwoers but not all follwoed through. Rhodri Morgan, Welsh nationalism is "still not taken seriously". 
  • Northern Ireland -- an STV system to encourage power sharing. One of the major successes fo Blair's constitutional reforms, helped along the peace process in NI. Some primary powers -- transport, education, health, policing, environment and agriculture. But power sharing has declined recently over "cash for ash" scandal / fallout from Brexit -- far from the heydey when once bitter enemies Ian Paisley and Martin McGuinness shared government.
  • HoL: Stage 1 reform complete, now only 92 heriditary, but stage 2 reform has been a failure. 2012 HoL reform bill given a second reading 462-124 but failed when the programme motion, determining hwo much time Parliament would devote to subsequent phases of the Bill, was not activated by the government. 2014 Act allowed for resignation of peers or their expulsion in limited circumstances.
  • HoC: has been limited. Some select commitees now eleted thier chairs who (like Andrew Tyrie or Nicky Morgan at the Treasury) can become quite pwoerful, one 30 minute rather than 2 15-minute QT sessions, 2004 extra select committee pay, 2012 coalition recall, 2010 Backbench Business COmmittee, 20 Parliamentary days for MPs to debate any issue.
  • HRA 1998 -- incorporation of the EHRC into domestic UK…


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