· Expanded the idea of immature and mature consciences which develop as we grow up.
· The ability to reason morally depends on cognitive development.
· Two stages of moral development:
1. Heteronomous morality: (approx. between ages 5-10) conscience still immature, the consequences of an action show whether it is morally right or wrong, e.g. if a rule is broken punishment can be expected.
2. Autonomous morality: (approx. Ages 10+) children develop their own rules and understand how rules operate in and help society. Less dependent on others for moral authority.
· Conscience = a result of social development
· Expanded Piaget’s idea of stages of moral development
· He suggested six stages:
· (1) The first of these stages is ruled by punishment which encourages obedience as people want to gain approval.
· (2) People then move to keeping the law, to caring for others
· (3) The final stage is respect for universal principles - “right” and “wrong” is based on a set of self-chosen principles which a person follows in their day to day living and behaviour.
· Kohlberg felt that most adults don’t get beyond the ‘keeping the law’ stage.
• Conscience is “a reaction of…