Collectivisation: The process of merging several small farms of private ownership into large farms owned by the state
Free Market: An economic system in which people are able to trade without interference from the government
Kulaks: Rich peasants
Grain Procurement crisis: A period where Russian peasants were reluctant to sell grain and other agricultural products to the government which resulted in food shortages.
The Economic Factors of Collectivisation:
Since 1927 New Economic Policies (NEP) failed to deliver economic growth.
After 1926 production of grain and livestock began to fall leading to the grain procurement crisis.
Stalin said the free market needed to be replaced by economic planning
Stalin planned to reorganise agriculture making it more efficient. There was more food and the peasants were able to work…