Cognitive Psychology - Long Term Memory

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Theoretically, the capacity of long-term memory (LTM) could be unlimited. The main constraint on recall could be accessibility rather than availability.

One of the earliest and most influential distinctions between parts of the LTM was proposed by Tulving (1972):

  • Procedural Memory: Is responsible for knowing how to do things, i.e. memory of motor skills. It does not involve conscious thought and is not declarative. Example: Knowledge of how to ride a bike.
  • Semantic Memory: Responsible for storing information about the world. Includes knowledge about the meaning of words and general knowledge. Involves conscious thought and is declarative. Example: London is the capital of England.
  • Episodic Memory:


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