The word "cognitive" comes from the latin word "cognito" meaning to understand, to apprehend or know.
Cognition - The activity of internal mental processing.
Cognitive Psychology - Looking at the mental processes that underlie behaviour. Study of people learning, structuring, storing and using knowledge.
Clarks's Nutcracker - Stores long term memory for finding food in winter buried in the Spring. It buries 30,000 pine nuts in different places constrained to a 15 mile radius. They have developed better spacial memory.
Origins of Memory - Memory and learning abilities in animals are all adaptions to solve problems linking Charles Darwin (Theory of Evolution).
Animals, like humans remember better when it's a field they're specifically interested in.
Duration - A measure of how long a memory lasts before it is no longer available. STM has a very limited duration whereas LTM has potentially unlimited duration.
Duration of Short Term Memory - Memory concerning immediate events. Short Term Memories last for a a very short time (15-18 seconds) and disappear unless rehearsed. Referred to as working memory because it is used in comprehending language and solving problems.
Duration of Long Term Memory - Memory for events that have happened in the past. This lasts anywhere from 2 minutes-100 years…