Cognitive explanations of smoking
In the initiation of smoking, it is due to their expectancies about the positive versus negative effects of the behaviour. the expectancy theory states that a behaviour such as smoking escalates into addiction, due to the expectations an individual has about the costs and benefits of the activity.
Adolescents often report smoking when they experiencing negative moods and expect that smoking will decrease the intensity of the negative mood.
But this isnt without limitations as the expectancy theory is concerned more with excesses of a paticular behaviour rather than addiction to it. it doesnt really focus on the individuals who have lost control, which is characteristic of…