Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

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Aim: to challenge irrational and dysfunctional thought processes (about self-world and future) and replace them with more realistic and optimistic ones


D = Disputing the Beliefs

- disputes the evidence ("no-one likes you")

- disputes the logic (not eating = bad for you)

- disputes pragmatism (is this adaptive?)

2) Monitoring thoughts

e.g. diary

And the therapist reframes it (is it really the end of the world?)

Thus, the emotional response will be differnt - Reality testing

3) Encourage Positive Thoughts

e.g. the client lists small goals to increase self-efficiency

Stressing about being late -> task is to


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