Cognitive Approach

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  • Faulty thinking: Thinking,expectations,attitudes direct behaviour. Mental illness = inappropriate/disordered thinking. Focus not on problem but person's thinking. Prevents adaptive behaviour. ELLIS (1962) A-B-C model: A=activating event,B=belief,C=consequence.
  • Individual control: Portrays individual as cause of own behaviour as control of thoughts. Abnormality product of faulty control.


  • Experiments: THASE (2007) compared cognitive therapy with antidepressant medication for depression. Cognitive therapy same as antidepressant, patients tolerated more. 
  • Meta-analysis: SMITH AND GLASS (1977) cognitive therapy as…


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