Schizophrenia is classified as a form of Psychosis by the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). Psychosis is when the patient loses touch with reality.
Three categories of symptoms:
Positive Symptoms are distortions of normalcy.
- Hallucinations-bizarre, unreal perceptions of the environment. Can be auditory, visual, olfactory (smelling things) or tactile (e.g. feeling as though bugs are crawling on you).
- Delusions-bizarre beliefs held by the patient that they insist are real, but are in fact unreal. (Delusions of grandeur-inflated sense of power and self-importance (e.g. believing you are Jesus)).
- Disordered thinking-believing that thoughts are being inserted into or withdrawn from your own mind…