- Cursive handwriting: handwriting in which the characters are joined in rounded and flowing strokes
- Convergence: the process of linguistic change in which people adjust their dialect, accent or speech style to those of others, often occuring to express solidarity or understanding Upwards: adults and people you don't know as well. ie. going for a job intervierw, being in a formal environment
Downwards: friends, family and people you know well.
- Sociolect: a defined use of language as a result of membership of a social group
- Emergent writing: children's early scribble writing, a stage of their literacy development
- Ascender: typographical feature where a portion of the writing goes above the usual height of the rest of the writing
- Descender: where part of a letter goes below the baseline font
- Diiagraph: a graphic unit in which 2 symbols combine or any sequence of two letters produced as a single sound, eg: "sh"
- Homophone: a lexical item that has the same pronunciation as another
Chronological stages of writing:
3) Copied letters and words
4) Child's name and string of letters
Stage Age Characteristics
Preparation up to 6yrs Basic motor skills are aquired alongside some principles of spelling
Consolidation 7/8 yrs Writng is similar to spoken language including a more casual and colloquial register
Differentiation 9/10 yrs Understanding that writing is separate from speech. Awareness of writing for different audiences and purpose emerges.