Civil Rights: Opposition to Change 1955-68

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  • Created by: eddso
  • Created on: 30-12-14 14:54

OPPOSITION FROM PRESIDENTS

EISENHOWER

  • Believed in gradual change
  • Thought campaigns would only create further hostility
  • This belief caused a lack of intervention againt unconstitutional violence against black citizen

KENNEDY

  • Horrified by the violent Freedom Rides
  • Advocate to abandon protests and support voter registration
  • 1962 Voter Education Programme gave a grant, to fund voter registration support, to all those who abandoned Civil Rights campaigns
  • Resisted Federal intervention, despite calls during the Freedon Rides

JOHNSON

  • Ended co-operation with King after he publically criticised the Vietnam War
  • No support for Northern campaigns; he criticised Chicago and didn't support the Poor Peoples Campain

OPPOSITION FROM CONGRESS

  • Senator Thurmond had a fillibuster lasting 24 hours, 18 minutes against the 1957 Civil Rights Act
  • 18 democrats worked together for a 125 hour fillibuster against the 1960 Civil Rights Act
  • 1968 Civil Rights Act weakened so it couldn't enforce the laws

OPPOSITION FROM FBI

  • COINTELPRO

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