- Created by: RachelHiney
- Created on: 01-03-20 18:19
"Litigation as a last resort" is the matra underpinning the Civil Procedure Rules 1998 (CPR).
The County Court
The County Court deals with more straightforward cases including:
- claims for money only, whether it be for specific debt or for damages, where the anticpated value of the claim is for £100,000 or less;
- personal injury claims for less than £50,000.
Note that money-only claims are started under CPR 7 and must be issued centerally in the County Court Money Claims Centre. Contested claims are later transferred to a names County Court hearing centre.
The High Court
Only more complex cases are dealt within the High Court. The High Court is divided into three divisions:
- Queen Bench Division - which covers actions in contract and tort.
- Chancery Division - which is used for disputes over wills, inheritance etc.
- Family Division - which is used for adoption etc.
Judicial functions in the High Court are shared between:
- Masters- who deal with interim applications and case management matters; and
- High Court judges - who deal primarily with trials, but also interim applications and case management as appropriate.
The sources of procedural law
Litigation is essentially divided into three stages:
- the pre-action stage;
- from issue of proceedings through to judgment…