- Created by: RandomEpicness
- Created on: 05-04-21 17:05
- proposed by gov in power, presented in manifesto
- prompted by current events e.g. new technology
- prompted by issues covered in media or pressure groups.
Law Making process:
Green Paper= Proposal for new law called a bill. Only discussion.
White Paper= Publishes a proposal for new law.
First Reading= First time law is presented to Parliament
Second Reading= Bill read out for the second time and debated on.
Commitee stage HOC= Committee between 15 to 50 MPs, amend.
Third Reading= Amended and debated and voted on one last time in HOC
Committee Stage HOL= (HOL have 1st, 2nd, 3rd reading too but Committee stage is different)- The whole 800 peers in HOL debate without time limit for better scrutiny.
Ping Pong= if HOL amends bill, it goes back to HOC, if keep disagreeing then it goes back and forth = ping pong.
Royal Assent = After bill passed by both Houses, it goes to be signed by Monarch and given Royal Assent, but Monarch has no real power to refuse a bill. Then it becomes an Act of Parliament and passes into .
- Defines the laws and political principles of UK.
- Key principle = parliamentary sovereignty (parliament is legal authority that makes/changes laws)
- Consists of laws and legislation passed by Parliament, Conventions, Common Law or Case Law.
Uncodified and Codified Constitutions:
Codified = Single dodcument, outlines the way a political state is governed. 3 main principles of codified constitution:
- Authoritative- defines the way that political insititutions including legislature, operate.
- Entrenched- extremely difficult…