PROBLEMS IN CHINA:
- Water Distribution
- South China has too much water
- North China has too little water
- More than half of China's population live in the north
- Desertification in the North
- Sandstorms are frequent in the spring
- 28% of china has been turned to desert, effecting 400 million people.
- Logging, over-grazing, over-farming and ‘reckless water use’ are the causes
- An estimated 1000 square miles is lost to desert per year
- In areas such as Ningxia in northwest china, people are struggling to survive in a waterless, barren environment.
- Government spent US$350 million on a project to create fertile farmland in the middle of the desert, but this is controversial because despite improving lives of many people, it strains the Yellow River
- 278 out of 662 major cities in China don’t have sewage treatment plants meaning that only 23% of sewage is being treated and 77% is being discharged raw
- 50 sewage plants in 30 cities are operating below capacity due to insufficient sewage collection, inability to handle some toxic material and high operational costs.
- According to the UN, less than half of the wastewater China pumps into the ocean is treated
- Research shows that the discharge of wastewater (treated and untreated) has doubled between 2000 and 2005
- Industrial Pollution
- One survey showed that…