- learning takes place through innate brain mechanism, pre -programmed with the ability to aquire grammatical structures.
- he calls this the LAD
- language shares many similarities, Chomsky calls this 'universal grammar'
Allan Cruttendon (1974)
- compared adults and children to see if they could predict football results from listening to the scores. Children up to 7 less accurate.
Jean Berko and Roger Brown (1960s)
- It was to see how phonological errors link to children's understanding as well as ability to imitate the language surrounding them.
- known as the 'fis' phenomenon
Katherine Nelson (1973)
- identified four categories for first words: naming, actions/events, describing/modifying things, personal/social words
- 60% of first words were names
- Verbs formed the second largest group
- Modifers came next
- Personal/social words made up 8%
- are conditioned into using right language based on whether they recieve positive/negative reinforcement after copying adult's behaviour
- this is called 'social interaction'
her study of first words found that children base overextensions on: the physical qualities of objects, features such as taste, sound, movement, shape, size and texture.
- three types of overextension: categorical, analogical, mismatch statements
- connects children's lexical and semantical development
- labelling, packaging and network building
- 20th cent Swiss pyschologist - views have been very influential
- children are active learners who use environment and social interactions to shape…