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Bowlby suggested that the amount of social interaction and the responsiveness to an infant in distress effects the strength of atachmnet. 

Schaffer agreed with this statement and identified 5 main stages of attachtment devoplment

  • Birth - Biological regulation - Infants basic biological processes are harmonised with parental requirments
  • 2 months - Face-to-face exchanges - regulation of mutual attention and responsiveness
  • 5 months - Topic sharing - incorporation of objects into social interactions
  • 8 months - Reciprocity - initates actions towards others and develops more flexible and symmetrical relationships
  • 18 months - Symbolic representations - verbal and other symbolic means of relatimg to others

infants posses characteristics which encourage interaction such as the imitation of facial expressions. Also care givers…


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