Child development

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This is a natural process controlled by prolactin. In the first few days after birth colostrum is produced- a clear liquid that becomes yellow, containing protein and antibodies.


  • free and convenient
  • helps bonding
  • no preperation or sterillisation
  • helps the mother regain her figure faster
  • helps mothers uterus return to previous size
  • contains correct balance of nutrients
  • contains antibodies
  • contains polyunsaturated fatty acids for brain development
  • easy to digest
  • doesn't contain additives


  • embarrassment
  • can be tiring
  • not enough milk is produced
  • sore, inverted *******

Bottle feeding


  • Contains all the vitamins and minerals a baby needs
  • Different milks are produced for different ages
  • Liquid milk is useful for travelling or emergency use


  • Doesn't offer same degree of protection as breastfeeding
  • Some babies are allergic to cows milk and soya-based formulas may be used
  • Liquid milk is expensive and wasteful
  • Have to sterilise equipment and preparation


Stage 1 (6-7 months)

  • offer food once a day in small amounts after little milk
  • puree food using a blender, or mash food to remove lumps
  • don't give babies foods containing gluten
  • introduce a variety of tastes
  • encourage babies with smiles and talking
  • serve the food at the same temperature as milk
  • use sterile equipment

Stage 2 (7-9 months)

  • introduce wheat based cereals and dairy products
  • offer some finger foods
  • use a beaker to offer water to drink
  • give babies a spoon so they can try to feed themselves

Stage 3 (9-12 months)

  • babies can eat the same food as the family three times a day but mashed and chopped if can't be eaten with fingers
  • give healthy snacks and rink between meals
  • as the amount of solid food increases, the amount of milk decreases untill only a bedtime milk feed is necessary

Vitamins and minerals

  • Vitamin A for healthy eyes and skin-Butter, margarine, green veg
  • Vitamin B releases energy from food-Wholegrain cereals, meat, pulses
  • Vitamin C for absorption of calcium and iron, protects against infections, heals wounds--citrus fruits, strawberries, tomatoes
  • Vitamin D for calcium absorption-sunlight, margarine, eggs
  • Calcium for strong bones and teeth-milk, cheese, green veg
  • Iron for carrying oxygen in blood-red meat, green veg, cocoa
  • Fluoride for protecting teeth-seafood, fluoridated water

Preventing food posioning

  • Don't lick fingers or bowls
  • Don't cough, sneeze or smoke over food
  • Don't touch spots or pick scabs
  • Keep nails short and clean
  • Wash hands thoroughly

In the kitchen...

  • clean all equipment…


kayley richards


If you buy the 'Essentials' GCSE Home Economics Child Development Revision Guide...All of this will be in there..with pictures too :)

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