Examples of pollutants:
- Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)
- Carbon Monoxide (CO)
- Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2)
- Carbon Particulates - microscopic carbon particles
Lithium Carbonate: Li2CO3
Lithium forms part of the lithosphere, one of the Earth's four spheres
To make 60 million plug-in hybrid vehicles with lithium-ion batteries would need 420,000 tonnes of lithium carbonate.
Therefore each plug-in hybrid vehicle would require:
60 million = 60 000 000
420,000 / 60 000 000 = 7/1000 tonnes = 7x10-3 tonnes = 7 kg of lithium
Current world production of lithium = 420,000 / 6 = 70,000 tonnes of lithium per year
Cost of lithium metal per tonne = £20,000,000,000 / 5,000,000 = £4000
Cost of lithium metal per kilogram = 4000 / 1000 = £4
Electrolysis: The splitting up of a chemical into its elements by passing an electric current through it.
Electrolyte: A chemical which can be split up by an electric current when molten or in solution. Ionic compounds are electrolytes.
Negative electrode: anode
Positive electrode: cathode
The electrolyte is hot and molten, containing Lithium and…