Atoms are made up of electrons surrounding a nucleus that contains protons and neutrons.
Atoms - Electrons - Nucleus - Protons + Neutrons
Protons: Relative charge of +1
Electrons: Relative charge of -1
Atomic number of an atom: the number of protons it has
Element: a substance that is made of only one atom
The number of electrons in an atom is equal to the amount of protons in its nucleus. Therefore atoms have no overall electrical charge.
Mass number of an atom: total number of neutrons and protons. The mass of the atoms is never small than the atomic number. It…