Chemistry C3 - Allotropes of carbon and nanochemistry

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Carbon has different forms or 'allotropes', including diamond, graphite and fullerenes. Their properties make them useful for different purposes. Nanochemistry works with materials at the atomic level and has potential applications for medical science.

Allotropes are forms of an element that exist in the same state (solid, liquid or gas) but have different properties because their atoms are arranged differently.


Diamond is one allotrope of carbon. Its properties include:

  • Lustrous (shiny)
  • Colourless and clear (transparent)
  • Hard
  • High melting point
  • Insoluble in water (does


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