changing urban environments

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reasons for urbanisation

  • urbanisation- is the increase in the proportion of people living in towns and cities
  • growth in population
  • rural to urban migration due to push and pull factors e.g better jobs and less entertainment in countryside
  • in the 19th century machinery replaced manual farming so many people lost jobs and moved to the city

parts of the city

  • hoyt model suggests that the CBD is surrounded by the land uses that expand along transport links and rivers
  • the burgess model suggests that land types surround the CBD in rings
  • CBD- central business district which has businesses and offices also shops and resturants
  • inner city- consisits of high rise flats and victorian houses due to old factories being close to the workers, it has factoriess and is run down
  • the suburbs- has residential homes with less crime and pollution compared to the inner city
  • the rural- urban fringe- is where the urban land merges to the rural land, it is on the outskirts of the city and can be protected by green belt

housing shortages

  • schemes have been introduced to maxamise housing as urbanisation means the population is growing in one area
  • 1) urban renewal schemes are government stratagies to build housing in derelict inner city areas e.g. canary warf from london docklands
  • 2)new towns like milton keynes
  • 3)relocation e.g. into council homes

revitalising the CBD

  • e.g. maidstone- fremlins, the mall, pedestrianised area and new shops
  • they can also be improved by building on derelict sites
  • improving…


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