changing spaces making places case studies

  • Created by: amychan11
  • Created on: 17-12-19 15:16



·     East bank River Exe Estuary

·     15km south of Exeter

·     Small valley cut by Wotton brook through red breccia cliffs

·     Estuary 1.5 km wide at Lympstone

Past characteristics

Established by Saxons

Norman conquest changed Ownership of area transferred to French families – the de Tracey’s and de Cortland’s 

13thcentury – port with coastal and cross trading links

Shipbuilding thrived 13thcentury used for fishing

1840s attracted wealthy families from Exeter and Devon – expansion of built environment

Arrival of railway in 1861. Time space compression allowed the shellfish industry to access wider market

Twentieth century became a dormitory settlement of Exeter


Top-heavy age structure

Not much ethnic diversity even in Exeter – beginning to change

Provided few job opportunities for immigrants in the 1960s and 70s

24.6% compared to 16.4% in England aged 64+

Only 1.1 % non white

Socio economic profile

High owner-occupiers at 66.1% compared to 64.5% across England

Low amounts of people who don’t have access to a car at 12.7% compared to 25.6% in England  

Percentage of people with bad health 4.1% which is low especially at 5.6%

Low percentage without formal qualification at 14.1% compared to 22.4% in England

Low number of people renting from a social landlord at at 12.2% compared to 17.6% in England



Christian based

Christmas and Easter key events along the year


Parish council – 11 elected people

Deal with community affairs – lighting local roads, equipping community facilities such as playground and local sport facilities

Express views on planning

East Devon district and Devon county exist above it

Elects two district and one county council

Consistency of east Devon with 1 MP and 72,000 people

Built environment

Low order shops closed and converted into residencies

New housing constructed large houses on the cliff top 

Heart of village has strict planning rules

Shifting flows of resources and ideas change local places

A third of its employed residents are classified as being managers, directors, senior officials or in professional occupations

The meteorological office moved from reading to Exeter in 2003 bringing knowledge based jobs

Exeter’s tertiary sector increased with a growing education sector with a uni of 3000 staff. Major hospital and the regional headquarter of many firms and organisation


Occupies undulating land from the river Mersey 

Stream flows northeast before dividing in two joining the river

The Mersey is fast flowing at Toxteth as the channel narrows before passing into Liverpool bay – Little foreshore

Past characteristics 

Saxons established in 1086 –was coastal village

Given to roger of pictou after Norman conquest

Thirteenth century King john took over when it became a hunting forest

Sixteenth century it opened up for farming

Seventeenth century was used for small-scale industry making use of waterpower

Industrial revolution – a major port with associated industries. 

Several forges, a copper works established in 1772. Later a ceramics factory, flour milling and brewery developed. 

River bank lined with docks…


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