Changing Settlements

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How settlements are changing:

  • Migrants are moving in and are at the age to have a child.
  • There are more ethnic mixes like the 34% in Birmingham.
  • People move into cities or suburbs for job oppourtunities.
  • First houses can be expensive so many live outside the city and commute.
  • Parking spaces and roads are more of a prioroity than gardens.
  • Single person households are becoming more popular.
  • Governments have introduced 'luxury aparments'.
  • Companies have privatised so many are moving away from old companies.

London change

  • After 50 years of decline, the population is rising by 12% because of migration.
  • 24% migrates are aged 20-30 which is good for family starting.
  • In Ealing, 36% are of an economically active age and driving the boom.
  • London is the 6th biggest economy because of good transport/communication links, tourism, advertising central and 120,000 civil servants.

Liverpool change

  • Liverpool was booming before with 40% world trade but is now declining.
  • Government's wanted slums cleaned and houses modernised so 88,000 rehomed.
  • Terraced housing was replaced with high flats in inner city and estates.
  • Deindustrialisation and port jobs reduced by containerisation moved people away.
  • Today there is high unemployment, part time workers and 1/3 less new businesses.
  • But the birth rate is rising again.

Multiple deprivation

  • If there is good health care, people will be well enough to work, go to school and earn a sufficient income which they can spend on life and services. The doctors must have been educated and people contributing towards the services.
  • If there are a lot of services that provides more employment for locals and oppourtunities for the young to invest time in. Tourists will be attracted and bring an income.
  • If there is high crime the rich are likely to move out of an area which would leave only the poor behind whom would not contribute to services or take care of the local environment.
  • A sufficient income means that people can afford nice houses which would attract more rich people into the area where they can spend their money on local services.

London contrasts


  • Newham has a high 40% deprivation.
  • Unemployment is high because 43% of adults don't have any qualifications and foreign people come over to England but can not speak much English and find it hard to get a job. Their qualifications are often not recognised too.
  • Houses are above the national average price at £280,000 for a flat so locals can not afford them.
  • The average income is around £10,000 which is 4x less than Richmond.
  • 21% had poor health.
  • Jobs are part time and low skill mainly.


  • In Richmond, there is a low deprivation of below 19%.
  • Their average income is £46,000.
  • Houses are extremley expensive, owning the title of the smalest % of affordable houses in Greater London. Flats cost around £308,000.
  • They have private hospitals instead of a local NHS but 18% had poor health.
  • They have the largest area of open space in London like Kew Gardens but many commute


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