Changes of state and Specific Latent Heat

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Changing state

A substance must absorb heat energy so that it can melt or boil. The temperature of the substance does not change during melting, boiling or freezing, even though energy is still being transferred.

A heating curve is a graph showing the temperature of a substance plotted against the amount of energy it has absorbed. You may also see a cooling curve, which is obtained when a substance cools down and changes state.

Water changes from solid ice to liquid water at zero degrees celcius. Water turns from liquid water to water vapour gas at 100 degrees celcius. (

A heating curve for ice

Notice that the temperature stays the same during a change of state, melting or…


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