- Created by: Davwi
- Created on: 03-03-19 16:43
The Cattle Industry Before and After the Civil War
Before the Civil War
- When Texas became independent from Mexico in 1836, Texans took over the Mexican cattle industry and the skills and traditions of Vaqueros- horse-riding cattle herders that the Texans named cowboys. The Texan cowboys drove cattle on long drives across the South to New Orleans, or Sedalia and St Louis, then to big cities.
- A cattle disease, known as Texas fever, had major impacts on cattle drives. If a Missiouri cow mixed with a Texas cow, or even ate the grass it had fed from, they could catch Texas fever. It was almost always fatal. Farmers in Missiouri and Southern…