Cells of the nervous system

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Fundamentally, there are 2 types of cells in the nervous system, neurons and glial cells. 

Anatomy of Neurons

External features of a neuron

Cell body-  Center of the neuron,also known as the soma

Cell membrane- Semipermeable membrane that encloses the neuron

Dendrites- Recieve most of the synaptic contacts from other neurons

Axon hillock- Cone shaped region at the junction between axon and cell body

Axon- The long process that projects from the cell body.


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