Causes of the 1905 Revolution
Problems of Urbanisation
- Increasing industrial strikes (1874=17,000) (1904= 90,000)
- Violent clashed with armed police became more regular
- Urban population doubled from 7.3 to 14.6 million between 1867 and 1887
- Factory compounds, doss houses and shanty towns were the only places to house people in appalling and overcrowded conditions.
- Inadequate transport, draining and sewerage facilities meant that typhus and cholera flourished
- Syphillis became rampant as the number of prostitutes rose to cater for the inflow of unattached men.
- Factories and workshops= longer hours and harsh discipline.
- Wages were higher but so were outgoings which led to a rise in theft as people struggled to live.
- High redemption payments led to peasants losing the land and becoming migrant workers instead.
- Government subsidies to move to Siberia only affected 750,000/9 million
- Zemstva increased health care but majority were still unfit for military service.
- 1890s Infant mortality rate= 57.4%