Long term causes
I. Population Growth
- Throughout the first half of the 19th century, there was a steady increase in population growth.
- This sustained growth put enormous strains on the land, where the agricultural land around Europe wasn’t strong enough to sustain the rapidly increasing population.
- The lack of food and productivity created tension among the people, and there were millions of people who did not have enough food to feed their families.
- In Linz alone 2/3 of the population were found to be undernourished.
- Paris, 1817 – 713,966, 1846 – 1,053,897
- Population double in the 19th century
- There was a huge degree of industrial development throughout the early part of the 19th century.
- Industrial towns experienced rapid growth and the coal, iron and textile industries prospered.
- There was high migration from agricultural backgrounds to industrial towns where there was more work, rapid urbanisation
- The mass overcrowding resulted in poor housing, poor sanitation and diseases such as typhoid and cholera. In Paris alone between 1847 and 1849, 18,400 people died.
- There was also growing tension between the migrants who flooded the towns and the natives.
- Strikes and riots increased in Europe prior to 1848, and this added to the slow build up towards revolution.
III. Liberalism and Nationalism
- The two ideas the Great Powers feared the most became more and more popular in the…
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