Causes for the 1848 revolutions in Europe

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  • Created by: Pip Dan
  • Created on: 09-04-16 15:17

Long term causes

I. Population Growth

  • Throughout the first half of the 19th century, there was a steady increase in population growth.
  • This sustained growth put enormous strains on the land, where the agricultural land around Europe wasn’t strong enough to sustain the rapidly increasing population.
  • The lack of food and productivity created tension among the people, and there were millions of people who did not have enough food to feed their families.
  • In Linz alone 2/3 of the population were found to be undernourished.
  • Paris, 1817 – 713,966, 1846 – 1,053,897
  • Population double in the 19th century

II. Industrialisation

  • There was a huge degree of industrial development throughout the early part of the 19th century.
  • Industrial towns experienced rapid growth and the coal, iron and textile industries prospered.
  • There was high migration from  agricultural backgrounds to industrial towns where there was more work, rapid urbanisation
  • The mass overcrowding resulted in poor housing, poor sanitation and diseases such as typhoid and cholera. In Paris alone between 1847 and 1849, 18,400 people died.
  • There was also growing tension between the migrants who flooded the towns and the natives.
  • Strikes and riots increased in Europe prior to 1848, and this added to the slow build up towards revolution.

III. Liberalism and Nationalism

  • The two ideas the Great Powers feared the most became more and more popular in the


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