Case study- Pakistan 2010

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GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION

Pakistan is a low lying country, prone to flooding. The 1000 mile long Indus River starts in Himalayas flows through Pakistan. Joined by 3 other rivers which add to the drainage area. Subject to monsoon rains. 

BEFORE THE FLOOD

Severe flooding began in July 2010. Result of annual monsoon rains. Exceptionally heacy rainfall flooded one fifth of the country between July and September. heaviest fainfall for 80 years.

DURING THE STORM

THE WEATHER

Bewteen 27th and 30th July 200mm of rain fell on Punjab region in N Pakistan. Peshwar 274mm rain was recorded in 24 hours. The freezing of the Gulf Stream in the upper atmosphere is a possible cause for the exceptional weather.

THE EVENTS

Heavy rainfall caused flooding initially in the N areas of Pakistan. The floodwater flowed towards the sea and due to the low relief of the land covered vast areas. Estimated 4.5% of the landmass of Pakistan was waterlogged. Worst effected was 5.5m deep. 

FLOOD DEFENCES

Floodplains used to dissipate water

No national stragegy in place

No restrictions of land for settlement as much…

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