GEOGRAPHY OF THE REGION
Pakistan is a low lying country, prone to flooding. The 1000 mile long Indus River starts in Himalayas flows through Pakistan. Joined by 3 other rivers which add to the drainage area. Subject to monsoon rains.
BEFORE THE FLOOD
Severe flooding began in July 2010. Result of annual monsoon rains. Exceptionally heacy rainfall flooded one fifth of the country between July and September. heaviest fainfall for 80 years.
DURING THE STORM
Bewteen 27th and 30th July 200mm of rain fell on Punjab region in N Pakistan. Peshwar 274mm rain was recorded in 24 hours. The freezing of the Gulf Stream in the upper atmosphere is a possible cause for the exceptional weather.
Heavy rainfall caused flooding initially in the N areas of Pakistan. The floodwater flowed towards the sea and due to the low relief of the land covered vast areas. Estimated 4.5% of the landmass of Pakistan was waterlogged. Worst effected was 5.5m deep.
Floodplains used to dissipate water
No national stragegy in place
No restrictions of land for settlement as much…