- Havisham was the character from Dickens' 'Great Expectations' who never got over being jilted - she was devasted at the experience.
- This poem features the main character speaking directly to the audience.
- This poem is a dramatic monologue in the first person.
- The poem takes on a character from a book.
- There is a oxymoron in the poem, a confusing phrase. "beloved sweetheart *******" This suggests her anger is flowing out and all things exist at once: Anger + Love.
- Metaphor: "dark green pebbles for eyes"
- Onomatopoeia - sound words: "Noooo" and "b-b-b-breaks"
- The way Duffy uses the word 'cawing' suggests that Havisham is like a crow.
- "the dress yellowing…