Carboxylic acids, alcohols and esters.

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AlcoholNumber of carbon atomsStructural formulaDisplayed formula Methanol 1 CH3OH Displayed formula for methanol (http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/a84fff4e3b8b5e474514283b6a421994fbc13b24.gif) Ethanol 2 CH3CH2OH Displayed formula for ethanol (http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/3e83c099b7cfab929c27742a3b0474bb1786932d.gif) Propanol 3 CH3CH2CH2OH Displayed formula for propanol (http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/9a48e0aedb74fc4a9e695967f7ca31df70cbc49b.gif)

Properties of methanol, ethanol and propanol

The alcohols methanol, ethanol and propanol all have the following properties:

  1. They are colourless liquids that dissolve in water to form a neutral solution (pH7).

  2. They react with sodium to produce hydrogen and…

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