Carbohydrates are made from Monosaccharides
The majority of carbohydrates are composed of large, complex chains of monosaccharides, but single monosaccharides are also considered carbohydrates. Glucose is a monosaccharide with six carbon molecules in each molecule. There are two forms of Glucose, alpha α and beta β. Glucoses structure is related to its function as the main energy source in animals and plants. The structure makes it soluble and therefore easily transported. Its chemical bonds contain a lot of energy.
Formation of Disaccahrides and Polysaccharieds
Monosaccharides are joined together by glycosidic bonds. During synthesis, a hydrogen atom on one monosaccharide molecules binds to a hydroxyl (OH) atom on another molecule, releasing a molecule of water. This condensation reaction can be reversed through hydrolysis by reacting a water molecule with the glycosidic bond, breaking it apart. A disaccharide is formed when two monosaccharides join together, and a polysaccharide is formed when more than two monosaccharides join together. An example of a disaccharide would…