Cambridge Latin Course Book 3 Grammar

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  • Created on: 11-04-16 20:04

Cambridge Latin Course: Book 3

1st Declension (f)

2nd Declension (m)

2nd

Declension (n)

3rd  Declension

3rd

Declension (f)

3rd Declension (m)

4th  Declension (f)

5th  Declension

Singular

Nominative

puella

servus

templum

mercator

urbs

nomen

manus

dies

Accusative

puellam

servum

templum

mercatorem

urbem

nomen

manum

diem

Genitive

puellae

servi

temple

mercatoris

urbis

nominis

manus

diei

Dative

puellae

servo

templo

mercatoris

urbi

nomini

manui

diei

Ablative

puella

servo

templo

mercatore

urbe

nomine

manu

die

Plural

Nominative

puellae

servi

temple

mercatores

urbes

nomina

manus

dies

Accusative

puellas

servos

temple

mercatores

urbes

nomina

manus

dies

Genitive

puellarum

servorum

templorum

mercatorum

urbium

nominum

manuum

dierum

Dative

puellis

servis

templis

mercatoribus

urbibus

nominibus

manibus

diebus

Ablative

puellis

servis

templis

mercatoribus

urbibus

nominibus

manibus

diebus

Verbs

Present

I carry

porto

You carry

portas

S/He/it carries

portat

We carry

portamus

You (pl) carry

portatis

They carry

portant

Verbs

Imperfect

I was carrying

portabam

You were carrying

portabas

S/He/it was carrying

portabat

We were carrying

portabamus

You (pl) were carrying

portabatis

They were carrying

portabant

Verbs

Perfect

I carried

portavi

You carried

portavisti

S/He/it carried

portavit

We carried

portavimus

You (pl) carried

portavistis

They carried

portaverunt

Verbs

Pluperfect

I had carried

portaverum

You had carried

portaveras

S/He/it had carried

portaverat

We had carried

portaveramus

You (pl) had carried

portaveratis

They had carried

portverarunt

Perfect Passive Participle

dominus a liberto excitatus irratissuimus erat.

The master having been woken by the freedmen, was very angry.

The participle is formed from a verb, but describes a noun; so excitatus describes dominus.

Perfect Active Participle

A small group of verbs have a perfect active participle instead of a perfect passive participle.

senex deam precatus abiit

The old man, having prayed to the goddess, went.

Adverbs and adjectives

An adjective describes a noun. An adverb describes and how an action is done.

Adverb: The boy…

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