C4 Chemical Patterns

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Atoms,elements and the Periodic Table

Many scientists worked to organise elements into patterns based on their properties.

Atoms contain protons,neutrons and electrons.

The number of each can be worked out using the proton number and the atomic mass of the element.

proton have +charge ,and a mass 1

electron have -charge,and a mass of almost zero

neutron have 0 charge and a mass of 1

Number of protons + Number of neutrons =relative atomic mass 

Mendeleev's ideas formed the basis for the modern Periodic Table.

Mendeleev arranged elements in to groups (vertical columns) and periods (horizontal rows) based on their relative atomic masses and patterns in their properties.

Scientists rejected Dobereiner's triads and Newlands' octaves because most elements did not fit their 'patterns' 

However,when new elements were discovered they fitted Mendeleev's predictions.

When elements are heated up they emit coloured flames.

Each element has a unique flame test colour and line spectrum.

We use the pattern of lines in a line spectrum to identify an element.

Electrons,and the Periodic Table

Electrons are arranged in shells around the nucleus and can be shown using electron arrangements


A period is a row across the periodic table.

There are trends in properties  from the left to right, e.g…



Thankyou so much for this information, I have a test on Thursday and I feel much more confident about it now!:)


These notes are great 

Thank you :)

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