Bruner thought of cognitive development in terms of modes of representation:
The enactive mode
- Dominant in babies, who first represent or understand the world through their actions.
- Knowledge is stored as 'muscle memory'.
- When we learn to ride a bike, knowledge is represented in our enactive mode - we can't learn to ride based on people showing or telling us what to do.
The iconic mode
- Represents knowledge through visual or auditory likeness, images or icons.
- Baby can acquire object permanence in this mode.
- Once children are dominated by their mode, they can represent fairly large amounts of information.
- However, children dominated by their…