Brown et al.

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  • Created by: nazya
  • Created on: 20-03-13 12:58

Aim -  

To see if the existence of crisis support (time of depression and afterwards) protects against the onset of depression, even if there is lack of general support.

To find out if lack of support and low self - esteem are vulnerability factors and if it increases the likelihood of depression in a later provoking agent.

To see if the support, from husband, partner or other close relationship or at Time 1 or at the the time of crisis would relate to reducing risks of depression.


Procedure -

This took place in Islington, North London where random sampling was used. Women were included whose husbands were in manual occupation and who had at least one child who was under the age of 18. The age range was also women from 18 to 50 who were sent a letter by their doctor to see if they would take part in the study. As well as this, women who were single mothers were also included because they are highly likely to develop depression - into the sample. Out of this sample, a number was randomly chosen. 395 out of 453 women were found and out of this 91% were involved in the first part of the study.

The first had two phases -

First it was carried out when they measured self - esteem and personal ties. Their pyschiatric history was also taken from hospitals etc.

The second took place a year later where they contained information and data about any of the onsets of a pyschiatric disorder in the twelve months after the first contact. And life - event, stress and social support were also taken.

These measures were taken very carefully and they were taken by experienced interviewers. Other than this, there were also tests for reliability, 60 women were intensively interviewed and a further 21 were used in a reliability test. Out of the 21, 11 women were seen by 2 interviewers after which they were rated by a second person who used tapes from the oringinal interviews. As a result, satisfactory inter - rater reliability was found.


Results -

353 women had agreed to do a follow up interview at the end of the year who were 98% of the original sample.

42 of the remaining participants were not followed up, where 3 had…


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