britain ; 3.1 ; redistribution act 1885

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- work of the tory leader, the marquess of salisbury

- little surprising as viscount cranborne (which is him but he just has a stupid name because they just want to confuse me even more for no good reason) had resigned from derby's cabinet in '67 as he opposed disraeli's reforms

- however conservative victory in 1874 convinced salisbury that extension of the franchise hadn't damaged the party and that franchise changes in many ways were less important than national seat distribution

- from '84-'85 he worked on this issue

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- one of the effects of rising town and city populations was development of the suburb

- these were areas outside the city centres where middle-class factory owners and managers settled free from overcrowding and pollution of town centres but within tram / train reach

- in electoral terms, suburbs, w/ largely conservative voters possessed little value to conservatives

- if voted in county, simply increased existing conservative majority, if homes were within borough boundaries votes were often insufficient to dent liberal majority

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- the Arlington Street compact favoured creation of equal electoral districts (like ballot, demand made by chartists)

- salisbury went even further by proposing to establish single member constituencies

- radical departure from existing practice that dated

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