Brahms - Piano Quintet in F minor Op. 34, Mvmt 3.

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Facts:

  • 3rd Movement.
  • Piano quintet - string quartet and a piano.
    • 2 violins, 1 viola, 1 cello.
  • Cello provides pedal note.
  • In 6/8 - compound time.
    • Change of time signature to 2/4 in bar 13.
  • Lots of syncopation.
  • Ternary form - ABA
    • Scherzo/trio/scherzo.
  • Romantic period
    • One of four movements.
    • Highly skilled performers (fast and technically demanding)
    • Lyrical melodies.
    • Rich harmonies.
  • Influenced by Handel, Haydn and Beethoven.
  • Studied Baroque counterpoint.
  • Meticulous ending.

Fugue:

  • A contrapuntal piece based on a theme (subject) announced in one part then imitated by other parts on close succession accompanied by counterpoint.
  • Fugue starts on bar 67, played by the viola accompanied by piano in the left hand.
  • Subject returns in bar 71, piano RH.
  • Viola moves on to play the counter melody, close imitation using stacatto quavers - pp while piano plays p.
  • 2nd subject starts in bar 76 played by violin 1 while viola plays syncopated countermelody.
  • Trio starts in bar 193 - NOTHING TRIO ABOUT IT.
    • Ternary - ABA within the trio.

Scherzo:

A SECTION.

  • Bar 1-12
  • All instruments apart from violin 2 are playing.
  • Lots of syncopation in violin 1.
  • Cello plays a tonic pedal.
  • All instruments playing pp until crescendo (b10-11) and diminuendo (b11-12)
  • Strings playing pizzicato.
  • C…

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