Bowlby's theory of attachment

HideShow resource information

Bowlby's theory of attachment

Key ideas:

  • Attachment is an innate process, designed to maintain proximity. It evolved to ensure protection and increase survival.
  • Early attachment is monotropic and is qualitively different from other attachments
  • Sensitive Period: up to 2.5 years for the formation
  • The relationship with the mother figure is the template for future relationships. It provides the child with an internal working model (the continuity hypothesis)
  • Early attachment affects cognitive development as it provides a secure basis for exploration.

Key words:

  • Survival: we have an inbuilt, biological attachment aim. Survival of a child is important to the mother (evoluton: to pass on genes)
  • Biological/Evolutionary:to seek out parents. Babies look like their father so they know it's theirs to look after. Some animals imprint (chicks) we are more emotional but same


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Attachment resources »