Birth, death, immigration, emigration.
Life expectency calculated at 50% of living population.
Random sampling = everyone in the target population has an equal chance of being picked.
Systematic sampling = choosing every Nth person.
Intraspecific = same species
Interspecific = different species.
Directional selection - changes characteristics
Stabilising selection - preserves characteristics
LIGHT DEPENDENT: In the thylakoids, chlorophyll absorbs light which excites electrons, they leave the chlorophyll and go to the electron carrier which is reduced. Electrons move through a series of oxidation-reduction reactions and lose energy at each stage. Pi + ADP = ATP
LIGHT INDEPENDENT: In the stroma, 1C molecule combines with RuBP with the help of the enzyme Rubisco. 2 molecules of Glycerate 3-phosphate are formed. 2 molecules of ATP and NADP are reduced, this forms 2 molecules of triose phosphate. 1C atom leaves a triose phosphate molecule. ATP is broken down and RuBP is reformed.
GLYCOLYSIS: in the cytoplasm, 2 ATP molecules are broken down to produce phosphorylated glucose. The phosphorylated glucose is split into 2 molecules of triose phosphate. 2 NAD molecules are used up and 4 molecules of ATP are produced, two pyruvate molecules are formed.
LINK REACTION: in the matrix, NAD is reduced, forming acetate from pyruvate. Coenzyme A combines with acetate…