Biodiversity - Introduction

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Diversity of Life

bios = life

diversitas = difference, diversity

Biodiversity is everywhere and there is an astonishing number of species.

taxonomy = classification of living organisms

systematics = understanding evolutionary history through phylogenetic trees

Carl Linne (Linnaeus, 1707-1778)

- Systemae Naturae (1758)

- Classification based on morphological traits.

Classifications are hierarchic:

  • Domain
  • Kingdom
  • Phylum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species

Charles Darwin is…

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